Table 1.

List of geospatial covariates assembled for mapping literacy, stunting and the use of modern contraception methods.

categorycovariatesdata source
travel timeaccessibilityEuropean Commission Joint Research Centre (http://forobs.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/gam)
distancesdistance to settlements, roads, rivers, conflicts, schools and health facilityinput data from the WorldPop Project (www.worldpop.org), Open Street map (www.openstreetmap.org), ACLED (http://www.acleddata.com/data/acled-versions-1–5-data-1997–2014/)
climatetemperature, precipitation, aridity index, potential evapotranspirationMODIS (http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/), Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI) (www.cgiar-csi.org), WorldClim (www.worldclim.org)
satellite indicesMODIS EVI, mid-infrared index, nightlightsMODIS, NOAA VIIRS (ngdc.noaa.gov/eog)
demographicpopulation, births, pregnancies, ethnicityWorldPop Project, ETH Zurich (http://www.icr.ethz.ch/data/geoepr)
topographyelevationUS Geological Survey (USGS) (http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products), CGIAR-CSI
environmentprotected areas, percentage of urban areasWDPA (http://protectedplanet.net/), input data from WorldPop Project
livestock densitiessmall ruminant, cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, sheepFAO in collaboration with the Environmental Research Group Oxford (ERGO) (http://livestock.geo-wiki.org)
economicgross cell productYale GEcon Research Project (http://gecon.yale.edu/)
land/agricultureland cover, rainfed crop suitabilityNASA/USGS (https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/dataset_-discovery/modis/modis_products_table/mcd12q1), FAO FGGD (http://geonetwork3.fao.org/fggd/), ESA Globcover (http://due.esrin.esa.int/page_globcover.php)