Table 2.

Parameters used for stochastic SIR simulations.

parametermeaningset or range of values
μhost lifespan−1, birth rate, death rate1/60 yr−1
γrecovery rate[365/5 yr−1, 365/41 yr−1]
βtransmission rateif t < s, 0; otherwise α(ts) individual−1 yr−1
N0initial population size[100 individuals, 10 000 individuals]
ξspontaneous infection rate{1/1500 yr−1, 1/5000 yr−1, 1/10 000 yr−1}
αrate of increase in transmission rate[0.0005 yr−1, 0.01 yr−1]