Table 1.

Algorithm 1: model validation.

inputmodel Embedded Image, data Embedded Image, tolerance α
outputyes or no
1If Embedded Image, go to step 3.
2If Embedded Image and Embedded Image, return yes,
else, go to step 3.
3Find a pair Embedded Image that minimizes (3.1) (using NAG software such as Bertini or PHCpack).
4If Embedded Image, return yes; else no.