TableĀ 3.

Martian soil and lunar regolith compounds that could be resources for synthetic biology applications.

compoundmean Mars soil composition per Mars exploration rover Spirit [46] (wt%)mean lunar regolith composition [31] (wt%)
silicon dioxide (SiO2)45.847.3
ferric oxide (Fe2O3)17.6
alumina (Al2O3)10.017.8
magnesium oxide (MgO)9.39.6
calcium oxide (CaO)6.111.4
sodium oxide (Na2O)3.30.7
titanium dioxide (TiO2)0.811.6
potassium oxide (K2O)0.410.6
ferrous oxide (FeO)10.5
chromic oxide (Cr2O3)0.2
manganous oxide (MnO)0.1