Table 1.

Summary of morphological features defining the five axis types composing H. seemannii architectural organization. These five axis types are classified in the functional categories for structural support and resource acquisition.

structural supportresource acquisition
C1C2C3C4C5
axis habitclimbing/self-supportingclimbingself-supportingself-supportingself-supporting
branching patternrhythmicrhythmicrhythmicrhythmicnot branched
growth directionthigmotropic/plagiotropicthigmotropicorthotropicplagiotropicno precise growth direction
adhesive rootspresent/absentpresentabsentabsentabsent
flowering abilitynonoYesyesno
symmetrybilateralbilateralradialbilateralbilateral
growth unit length≤5 m≤1 m≤50 cm≤25 cm≤5 cm